Women who smoke are more likely to pass on other smoking-related diseases like chronic obstructive pulmonary disease type 2 diabetes juvenile diabetes and cardiovascular diseases to their children than they would have otherwise reports a study in Journal of Thoracic and Lung Surgery. The research was co-led by Ron Chen MD PhD Renee O. Cooper Professor of Medicine at the University of North Carolina School of Medicine. The study was recently published in the American Medical Association Journal. Women especially smokers are more prone to develop chronic respiratory diseases and high blood pressure than men and women smoke more heavily in general and have more heart disease bone marrow disease and kidney damage than men Dr. Chen said in an interview. I wanted to know if smoking itself or the effects of smoking actually passed along other smoking-related diseases to their children.

Using a retrospective single-center database the researchers identified 58330 women with acute weedy lung-breast (AB): SBP CBM PP VLD or VTD who were admitted to a lung cancer registry between January 2003 and December 2007 (n 18212). None in the study had a lung cancer coronary artery disease or heart attack. The researchers identified smoking in those patients as well as in those without the condition. All participants were followed for up to 26 years. Researchers identified 200 heart attacks 52 strokes 62 CHD 54 CHD MB and four related lung attacks among the women who had smoked over the previous year.

After adjusting for multiple risk factors the researchers found that women who smoked at least 150 cigarettes per day developed more lung problems than those (more than 356) who had never smoked. During the same time when the researchers looked at heart attacks and CHD they found no such association. Thats what we were looking for Dr. Chen said. These are clearly different things. Its also important to acknowledge that not all women are equal he noted. How a woman smokes and her genetics generally matter; we didnt want to find something that was causing the disparity we found.

Another important take-home message was that smoking itself has a very complex effect on her health. If you smoke naturally (in an office in her house for example) and you still dont have type 2 diabetes hypertension or atherosclerosis you may–earlier in life –be predisposed in a manner that puts you at risk for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and other lung disease Dr. Chen said. Because its so complex we didnt want to fall into using a simple answer like that all women with pulmonary problems should be exclusively responsible for their smoke-related health.